Defining Intellectual Property

Intellectual Property (IP) encompasses various categories of rights designed to protect creations of the human mind. These creations include inventions, literary and artistic works, designs, as well as symbols, names, and images used in commerce.


The Three Main Categories of IP Rights

There are three primary categories of Intellectual Property rights, each serving a distinct purpose:


Copyright protection applies to original works and takes effect from the moment the work is created and fixed in a tangible medium. It immediately becomes the property of the author who created the work, granting the author exclusive rights to it.


Trademarks consist of words, phrases, symbols, designs, or combinations thereof, serving to identify and distinguish the source of goods from one party from those of others. Trademarks are crucial for brand recognition and protection.


Patents provide exclusive rights for inventions, which can be products or processes. Patents are granted for innovations that offer new ways of doing something or present new technical solutions to problems. They serve to encourage innovation and protect inventors’ rights.


In summary, Intellectual Property encompasses a broad range of rights designed to safeguard intellectual creations. These rights, including copyright, trademark, and patents, play a vital role in protecting and incentivizing innovation, creativity, and commerce.

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