ERC-4626: The Tokenized Vault Standard

Introduction to ERC-4626

ERC-4626 is an Ethereum token standard designed specifically for tokenized vaults. It aims to bring uniformity and efficiency to yield-bearing vaults in decentralized finance (DeFi). This standard simplifies the interaction with vaults and enhances composability within the DeFi ecosystem, making it easier for developers and users to integrate various yield-generating strategies.

Key Features of ERC-4626


ERC-4626 provides a standard API for tokenized vaults, ensuring consistency across different implementations. This standardization allows for seamless integration with other DeFi protocols and facilitates the creation of more complex financial products.

Transparency and Security

ERC-4626 vaults are designed to offer transparency regarding their holdings and performance, helping users make informed investment decisions. Additionally, the standard incorporates security measures to mitigate risks such as fraud and theft, ensuring the safety of user funds.

How ERC-4626 Works

Deposits and Shares

When users deposit assets into an ERC-4626 vault, they receive shares in return. These shares represent a proportional ownership stake in the vault’s underlying assets. For example, if a user deposits 100 ETH into a vault, they might receive 100 shares, each representing a portion of the vault’s total assets.

Yield Generation

The vault manager deploys the deposited assets in yield-bearing strategies such as lending, staking, or liquidity provisioning. The generated yield is then distributed to the shareholders in proportion to their ownership stakes. Users can redeem their shares at any time for the underlying assets, plus any accrued yield, subject to withdrawal fees.

Functions and Events in ERC-4626

Core Functions

  • deposit(uint256 assets, address receiver): Allows users to deposit underlying tokens into the vault and allocates shares to the receiver.
  • withdraw(uint256 assets, address receiver, address owner): Burns shares from the owner’s balance and transfers the exact amount of assets from the vault to the receiver.
  • convertToShares(uint256 assets): Converts a given amount of assets to the corresponding number of shares.
  • convertToAssets(uint256 shares): Converts a given number of shares to the corresponding amount of assets (Covalent) (LogRocket Blog).


  • Deposit(address indexed sender, address indexed owner, uint256 assets, uint256 shares): Emitted when tokens are deposited into the vault.
  • Withdraw(address indexed sender, address indexed receiver, address indexed owner, uint256 assets, uint256 shares): Emitted when shares are withdrawn from the vault.

Benefits of ERC-4626


ERC-4626 vaults can be easily integrated with other DeFi applications, such as decentralized exchanges (DEXs) and lending protocols. This composability allows for the creation of sophisticated financial products that leverage multiple yield-generating strategies.

Efficiency and Flexibility

The standard provides efficient mechanisms for depositing and withdrawing assets, minimizing gas costs and improving user experience. Additionally, it supports various fee structures and allows for flexible management of assets within the vault.

Enhanced User Experience

By providing a consistent and transparent interface, ERC-4626 enhances the overall user experience in DeFi. Users can easily track their investments, understand the performance of their assets, and make informed decisions about where to allocate their funds.

Real-World Use Cases

Yield Aggregators

ERC-4626 vaults are ideal for yield aggregators that automatically invest user funds in the highest-yielding opportunities. This enables users to maximize their returns without having to actively manage their investments.

Decentralized Asset Management

Decentralized asset managers can leverage ERC-4626 to implement a variety of investment strategies. Users can invest in these strategies without relying on a centralized intermediary, reducing counterparty risk and increasing trust in the system.

Institutional DeFi

ERC-4626 makes DeFi more accessible to institutional investors by providing a standardized API for yield-bearing vaults. This facilitates the integration of DeFi into existing investment workflows and encourages broader adoption of decentralized finance.


ERC-4626 is a significant advancement in the DeFi space, offering a standardized and efficient framework for tokenized vaults. By improving composability, transparency, and security, ERC-4626 paves the way for innovative financial products and enhances the user experience in decentralized finance. As the DeFi ecosystem continues to evolve, ERC-4626 is poised to play a crucial role in its growth and development.

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